Prefix Style Guide







Prefix Magazine Local Style Guide

Prefix
Magazine Style Guide

Version 1.4

Last
Revision: 02.01.09

M. Brandon
Wall

 

Follow the
AP Style Guide

for style. Use Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, eleventh edition, for
spelling; if a word isn’t listed there, check Webster’s Third New International
Dictionary of English Language, unabridged. The OED is also good, particularly
for historical sense. Words into Type
is the source for grammar examples and guidelines,
and the New York Times style guide fills some gaps left by these. For more general
thoughts on grammar and copy-editing, check Bill Walsh’s two books, The
Elephants of Style
and
Lapsing into a Comma.

 

The tone
of the magazine is
friendly, informative, and decidedly not condescending. We are hosting an
intelligent conversation among fellow music-lovers — those who know everything
about music (or at least think they do) and those who hope to know everything
about music (or at least hope to come off that way). We want to create a
welcoming atmosphere. Our main goal is to contribute
to the ongoing discourse about
music and pop culture.

 

General
Style:

·      
Put song
titles
in “quotes”
and album titles
in
italics
. Titles
of television shows and movies are in italics. Follow standard title rules for capitalization:
capitalize nouns,
pronouns, verbs (including “is”), adjectives, adverbs, subordinating
conjunctions (if, as), and the first and last words; lowercase articles,
coordinating conjunctions (but, and), and prepositions of four characters or
fewer.

·      
One
space
after all
punctuation, including periods. We never
need two spaces.

·      
In
all instances, commas and periods go inside the quotation marks
(Opener “Prelude,” nothing more
than…). Colons and semicolons always go outside (For these reasons, the
Beatles’ best song is “Cry Baby Cry”: The band…).

·      
Unless
it will result in confusion, do not capitalize the “t” in “the”
before a band name.

·      
Bands,
duos, groups: Follow AP Style for group nouns.
If referring to the entity itself,
use the singular (“it”). If referring to the individuals in the entity, use the
plural (“they”). Write around it if necessary (for example, “the members
of…”). What’s important is that you’re consistent throughout the sentence
— "a band is releasing their
album” is a mixed mess.

·      
On
second reference, use the artist’s last name, unless you’re using the first
name for effect. (Oh, Conor!)

·      
Avoid
stilted language,
including
“this reviewer” and, in most cases, the “one” construction (“one can see why
this band…”). It puts an unwanted barrier between the writer and reader. Our
tone is friendlier and more casual than that.

·      
Try
to avoid referring to bands by their initials,
unless it’s cumbersome to continue
spelling out the band’s name. We generally want to avoid hastening the
language’s devolution into alphabet soup.

·      
Eschew
the serial comma
(left,
right and center) unless it’s unclear. In lists of band names, for example,
it’s often better to separate each element in the list so the distinction
between each is clear.

·      
For tour
dates,
use this
format: XX.XX City, State: Venue.

§      
So,
01.12 New York, NY: Knitting Factory

§      
If
the band is playing with another band worth mentioning, use an asterisk after
the venue, and define the asterisk (*) at the bottom of the list. If two bands
need to be mentioned, use two asterisks (**). Other symbols are fine, but
choose ones that aren’t confusing (don’t use an !, for example). 

§      
For
states, use two-letter postal abbreviation: AL, NJ, NY, etc. This breaks from
the running-text style of spelling out state names.

 

The
Watch List:

words/phrases/ideas to use sparingly (if at all — they’ve been used enough)

·      
Hipster,
anthemic

·      
any
iteration of “the band is having fun”

·      
any
iteration of the music making you want to dance

·      
“had
me reaching for the fast-forward (or rewind) button”

·      
lauding
an album and then saying it’s “far from perfect” when introducing its flaws

·      
the
parts are better than the whole (or the whole is better than the sum of its
parts)

·      
clichés
in all but rare circumstances (the language is vast — take advantage of it;
when you have the opportunity to say anything you want and have hoards of
people read your words, why use hackneyed phrases and words that aren’t your
own?)

 

 

Style,
alphabetically

KEY:

(a): adjective

(adv): adverb

(n): noun

(pa): predicate adjective

(v): verb

 

A

aah,
aahs
(n)
[sometimes accompanied by “ooh”]

 

ABBREVIATIONS Generally, use periods with
two-letter abbreviations that may be confusing or look odd without them (U.S.,
U.K., U.N., e.g., i.e., a.m., p.m.); omit periods if three letters or more
(CBS, PGA, CEO, ZIP, VIP) and for two-letter abbreviations that look fine
without them (VP, CD, EU, MC, DJ
). No periods necessary for single-word capped
abbreviations (TV), initialisms (CPU, ATM), acronyms (NASA), organizations
(IBM), or universities (BU).

·      
Academic
degrees:
use
periods (Ph.D., M.D.)

·      
Articles:
If the full name
is preceded by “the,” so is the abbreviation (the U.N.; the DMV). Abbreviations
for universities (UNC) and companies (ABC) do not take articles.

·      
Eras:
A.D., B.C.,
B.C.E., C.E. (A.D. precedes year, the rest follow.)

·      
Geographic
names:
Most
geographic names should not be abbreviated in text, except for places beginning
with “Saint” (St. Louis). When in a place name, spell out “Mount,” “Place,”
“Fort,” “Point” and “Port.” Follow Webster’s Geographical Dictionary
and the U.S. Postal Service. For names of people or bands,
follow their preference (St. Vincent, Saint Etienne
).

·      
Hyphens:
with compound
adjectives including abbreviations, use a hyphen (U.S.-born musician); DO NOT
use a hypen (-) in the place of an em-dash (–) or a colon (:).

·      
Measurements:
Don’t abbreviate
“pounds,” “ounces,” “miles,” “feet,” “inches” or metric measurements such as
“kilometer” and “millimeter.”

·      
The
abbreviations rpm
and
mph
don’t need
periods.

·      
Names:
For names
beginning with two initials, use periods and don’t put a space between each
initial (G.G. Allin).

·      
No
periods for a set of initials
standing in for a full name (JFK, FDR, TR). No periods for
band names referred to by initials, but avoid unless it’s absolutely cumbersome
to continue spelling out band name.

·      
The
abbreviations Sr.
and
Jr.
are not
preceded by a comma.

·      
Numerals: Follow AP. Always use them with
abbreviations (80 mph) and percentages (45 percent). [See NUMBERS.
]

·      
Percentages: spell out “percent” and use
numerals.

·      
States: Spell out state names when they
stand alone. After a city, use abbreviations listed in AP Style Guide
: Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo.,
Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kan., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn.,
Miss., Mo., Mont., Neb., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.M., N.Y., N.C., N.D., Okla., Ore.,
Pa., R.I., S.C., S.D., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo. Alaska,
Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas, and Utah do not have abbreviations.
For TOUR DATES:
use
two-letter postal abbreviations. [See STATE NAMES
.]

 

Aborigines
(n): for original
Australians; BUT, Australian aborigines

 

about: preferred over “approximately,”
in the case they can be used synonymously

 

a cappella

 

accessible: hyphenate adjectival combos
(wheelchair-accessible building); BUT, it is wheelchair accessible (pa)

 

A.D.: precedes date (A.D. 44); when
possible, follow secular convention: C.E. (common era); B.C.E. (before common
era)

 

adult
video store
[See
list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

aerobicize
(v)(a)

 

aesthetic
(a): aesthetic merit

 

Afrobeat

 

after-party
(n)

 

-age: not –aged (toddler-age
son); EXCEPT middle-aged
; ALSO, “children ages five to twelve”

 

age
specific
(pa): as
in, What is age specific about hip-hop?

 

AGREEMENT
Follow these
general rules:

Collective nouns (“band,” “group”): Consider if you’re talking about
the group or about the members of that group. “The last group hasn’t played
yet,” BUT, “The group wore masks when they were performing.”

Percentages: Consider if you’re talking about a collective group or
about the members of that group. “About 10 percent of bands make it big,” BUT,
“About 40 percent of the bands scheduled to play are going to.”

Here’s a handy cheat sheet, care of Travel + Leisure:

One out of five workers is…(subject is “one”)

Less than one in five is… (less than one not countable)

As many as one out of five is… (one is countable)

All but one child was present… (singular verb when noun
follows “one”)

Of the thirty kids, all but one were present…; All but
one of the kids were present (plural when verb follows “one” or preceding noun
of prepositional phrase is plural)

About 30 percent of the population is…(when noun after
percent is singular)

About 30 percent of the residents are…(Of the residents,
30 percent are)

As many as 25 percent of us are…(when countable follows
as, use many)

As much as 30 percent of the population is…(when amount
is object of preposition)

Fewer than 30 percent of the residents are…(more precise
than less than)

Less than 30 percent of the population is…(object
denotes amount)

 

a.k.a.

 

à
la 

 

ALBUM
ABSTRACTS

Essentially, we just want to summarize the album: what’s
notable about it, what the band did differently, why we should care that the
record is being released. It needn’t be long (a few sentences will work in many
cases), but it should be entertaining and informative, and it should be
timeless. Even though the record “will” be released at the time you write it,
avoid the future tense. It won’t make any sense years from now. If at all
possible, try to write it so that it will make as much sense now as it will in
our archives well after the record has hit shelves.

 

To upload:

            1.
Click on "Write a Preview" to the corresponding album here:
http://www.prefixmag.com/previews/

 

2. Skip steps 1 and 2 on the page.

 

3. Under "Preview Info,"
change the status to "Published."

 

4. Fill in the preview and then hit
submit.

 

5. E-mail the copy to Dave and
Brandon.

 

Alexisonfire:
even though the
band prefers a lowercase a

 

alibiing
(v)

 

all-American
(n)(a)

 

all-expense-paid (a): all-expense-paid trip

 

Allied (a): Allied troop strength

 

all-important
(pa)

 

all-too-rare
(a)

 

ALPHABETIZATION
Letter by letter,
not word by word

 

alpha
male
(n), BUT (a) alpha-male, as in alpha-male display

 

Alpine: when referring to the Alps in
Europe; alpine for general use, meaning “of or relating to high mountains”

 

alt-country,
alt-metal, alt-rock, alt-weekly

 

alternate/alternative:
the former means
“occurring in turn”; the latter means “another possibility”

 

a.m.

 

American
Modern
(n)(a)(pa)

 

amid

 

among

 

analog

 

anal-retentive
(n)

 

And You
Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead; Trail of Dead
: nix the ellipsis

 

Anglophone
(n)

 

anthemic:
be careful not to
overuse

 

Anti-Records,
Anti-

 

AMPERSAND
Follow the band’s
preference, using its logo as a guide.

 

Apollo
12:
numerals for
all Apollo missions (11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17)

 

après: hyphenate adjectival compounds
(“après-concert coffee”)

 

Argentine
(a)

 

argyle (a)

 

Art
Deco
(n)(a)(pa)

 

art-rock
(n)(a)(pa)

 

A-side,
B-side

 

at bats
(n)

 

atta
boy

 

Arulpragasam, Maya

 

Auto-Tune

 

ax (n): in all instances as a stand-in
for “guitar”

 

 

B

B&B: okay on first reference for
bed-and-breakfast

 

back-test
(n)(v)

 

back-to-back
(a): back-to-back
concerts; BUT, back to back
(pa): they played back to back

 

backup (n): as in a singer and as in a
logjam

 

badass (n)(a)

 

balls-out
(a)(v)

 

bandmates
(n): following the
form of workmates and playmates; ALSO, tourmates
and labelmates.

 

barbecue
(n)(v)(a): eschew
BBQ and barbeque unless it exists as part of a proper name

 

barbed
wire
(n)(a):
barbed wire fencing [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

barnstomper
(n)

 

bar
talk
(n); BUT,
maudlin bar-talk, to avoid a misreading

 

bass
line(s)
(n)

 

batshit
(a)

 

Bay
Area
(n)(a)

 

bayside
(a)

 

b-boy,
b-girl
(n)

 

B.C.: follows date (first century B.C.;
44 B.C.) when possible, follow secular convention: C.E. (common era); B.C.E.
(before common era)

 

-beat (n): five-beat

 

beat-digger

 

Beatles,
the

 

Beatles-esque

 

beatless
(a)

 

beatmaker

 

beatmaking

 

because: no comma for an explanation (He
must have gotten lost because he can’t read a map); comma for an elaboration
(He must have gotten lost, because he can’t read a map).

 

bed-and-breakfast
(n)

 

B-effort

 

Belle
and Sebastian
(n)

 

between/among: use “between” for physical
relationships (between the club and the ball and the clubface) and for the
idiom (let’s keep it between us)

 

big-league
(a)

 

bird
life
(n)

 

Bitter:Sweet:
even though the
Los Angeles-based guy/girl duo likes all lowercase

 

black-and-white (a): black-and-white photos; BUT, black
and white
(pa):
the photo was black and white

 

blastbeat
(n)

 

blond (a)(n) in reference to male, but blonde
(n) in reference
to female [A blonde is a woman with blond hair; a blond is a male with blond
hair; blond is an adjective for both.]

 

B’more

 

-bodied:
hyphenate (a)
compounds (fuller-bodied drink)

 

bon
mot, bons mots

 

boozehound,
boozehounds
(n)

 

Bose: trademark; Bose sound system

 

bossa
nova

 

boxed
set
(n)

 

bpm: follow NUMBER rules and use digits
with abbreviations

 

Brahman
(n)(a): Brahman
culture

 

breakbeat
(n)

 

Britpop
(n)

 

Brit-rock
(n)

 

B-side,
A-side
(n)

 

bucketloads
(n)

 

bull
market
(n); BUT bull-market
(a): bull-market

 

bum-rush
(v)

 

burned or burnt: author’s preference

 

Bush,
the
(n): in
Australia

 

busk (v); busker(s) (n)

 

 

C

callus/callous: The first is a noun that refers
to the hard areas on skin. The second is an adjective that means “made hard,
hardened,” and it also often refers to attitudes (insensitive, indifferent,
unsympathetic). 

 

calypso

 

campiness

 

can’t-miss
(a); can’t-miss
(pa) [See also must-see.]

 

CAPITALIZATION See individual words if not covered
in guide. Words in Web11 listed as cap
or usu cap are capped; those labeled often cap are lowercased. In general,
normalize bands, companies, or products that employ an odd capping style
(Macy’s, Adidas, K.D. Lang).

·      
In HEADS
AND DECKS
:
lowercase prepositions of four letters or fewer, articles (a, the), and
coordinating conjunctions (for, and, not, but, or, yet). Uppercase verbs,
nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, subordinating conjunctions (if, as), and
the first and last words.

·      
Magazine
and newspaper names: Even if “the” is part of the name, lowercase it in running
text (we read in the Atlantic Monthly); italicize city name with newspapers [New
York Post
]

·      
Positions/Titles:
Cap only if preceding the name (President Clinton, BUT the president of the
United States is Clinton; Senior Marketing Chief Joe Blow, BUT Joe Blow, the
senior marketing chief).

·      
The:
generally, lowercase the t in the in running text, BUT capitalize the T in some
instances to avoid odd-looking constructions. Lowercase the T in “the” before
band names (the Beatles), but uppercase if it follows an ampersand (Sharon
Jones & The Dap Kings)

·      
EXCEPTIONS: The Skeleton and the Kings of All
Cities; The Good, The Bad & The Queen

 

carjack
(v) would carjack
six vehicles

 

cash
flow
(n); BUT, cash-flow
problem (a)

 

cash-only
(a): cash-only
deal; BUT, cash only
(pa), bar is cash only

 

catalog
(n)(v)

 

catch-and-release
(n): everyone
practices catch-and-release

 

C-class
(n): Mercedes
C-class

 

C cup (n): as in bra size

 

CD

 

CD rack
(n)

 

ceramicist
(n)

 

C-game (n): Also, A-game, B-game

 

-challenged: space-challenged cargo area (a);
treatment of the hearing-challenged (pa); no hyphen if modifying an adverb
(mentally challenged)

 

château(x)
(n)

 

check (a): a check pattern (NOT a checked
pattern)

 

chile,
chiles
(n)(a): for
the pepper and the powder

 

chili,
chilies
: for the
dish; chili con carne

 

chock-a-block
(a)

 

choke
hold
(n)

 

Christ’s
sake

 

civil
rights
(a): civil
rights pioneers; civil rights era

 

-class: hyphenate combos (world-class)

 

cliché (n); BUT, clichéd (a)

 

clifftop
(n)(a)

 

climate
control
(n); BUT, climate-control
system
(a)

 

Clouddead: Anticon collective. This is the
K.D. Lang rule; no matter how much she screams about it, we’ll follow
conventional rules of American English and capitalize the first letters of
first and last names and initials. Plus, maintaining our own style standards in
these cases keeps us from looking like a PR firm.

·      
Exception:
Some companies put the second letter of their monikers in uppercase, i.e. eBay,
iPod. If those names start a sentence, standard rules (uppercase the first
letter) apply.

 

c’mon

 

co- (prefix): close up when possible
(costar, codesigner, codeveloper); BUT, co-worker, co-opt

 

cold
war
(n)(a)

 

COLONS If material after the colon is a
fragment, lowercase the first letter. (Then I realized what it was: a BDP
song.) If material following colon is a sentence, capitalize the first letter.
(Then I knew: He’d left us.) Like the semicolon, the colon goes on the outside
of quotes (told me the “meaning of life”: Listen to hip-hop).

 

COMMAS

·      
No serial
comma
unless it’s
confusing (as is the case in lists of bands).

·      
Use a
comma to separate independent clauses joined by a conjunction
(“I wanted to go see Daniel
Johnston, but you wanted to see Mission of Burma.”), UNLESS they are very short
(four words each) and are joined with “and.” (“I rode my bike and you walked.”)

·      
Do
not separate compound predicates with commas: “Band of Horses came on early and
played late.”

·      
Follow
restrictive/nonrestrictive rules.
A restrictive clause limits meaning (“The band that went
on first was the best”). A nonrestrictive clause adds to the subject but does
not necessarily restrict it (“The band, which has five members, has to take two
buses.”)

·      
Nonrestrictive
clauses can be removed from the sentence and it would still make sense. (“The
band, which formed in April, went on tour in May.” “The band went on tour in
May.”) These clauses must be wrapped in punctuation — often a comma on either
side.

·      
That
introduces
restrictive clauses (and, thus, isn’t separated out by punctuation); which
introduces nonrestrictive clauses
(and is separated out by punctuation). That and which are not
interchangeable.

·      
In
series with semicolons:
semicolons between all elements of list (x; y; and z)

·      
-ly
adverbs:
When they
start a sentence, usually no comma after, unless confusion results. (Ordinarily
I would have said no.)

·      
Jr./Sr.:
no commas around
either (Martin Luther King Jr.)

·      
State
names:
in text
after city, use commas before and after (“The bar in Austin, Texas, is always
fun”). Same with countries (“We went to Paris, France, before going to Spain.”)

·      
Introductory
clause:
Generally
don’t need comma after a short one (three words) at the beginning of the
sentence. Use after “Meanwhile” and between proper nouns.

 

company: spell out in the colloquial “and
company” construction (A.C. Newman and company). If it’s a company name, use Co.

 

-compatible (pa): hyphenate combos
(nightclub-compatible)

 

corpse
paint

 

-count (n): hyphenate combos (five-count)

 

coup de
grace
(n)

 

co-worker

 

crafts
work
(n)

 

crap-outs
(n)

 

crate
digger

 

cross-country
(n)(a): in
cross-country [track]

 

cross-generational
(a):
cross-generational symbol

 

crowd-surf,
crowd-surfing

 

crown
jewel
(n)(a): the
crown jewel; crown jewel event

 

cuff
links
(n)

 

cup
holder
(n): BUT, cup-holder
(a): cup-holder
placement

 

curbside
(a)

 

currency: Colloquially, spell out (“They
spent a million dollars on this”), but use the symbol and number otherwise.

 

custom
made
(pa): were
custom made; BUT, custom-made
(a)(v)

 

cut-and-dried
(n)

 

cutting-edge
(n)(a)(pa)

 

cyber
paradise

 

cyberspace
(n)

 

cyber
spree
(n)

 

-cylinder
(n): hyphenate combos
(a four-cylinder)

 

 

D

Dada,
Dadaist

 

Dälek: hip-hop group from Newark, New
Jersey; also the name of its MC (pronounced “dialect”)

 

Dali,
Salvador

 

damn (a): but can be damn or damned, per
author

 

damnedest

 

damn it

 

Dave 1: half of Montreal’s Chromeo, with Pee
Thug

 

Day-Glo

 

dead
center
(pa): hit
it dead center

 

dead
certain
(pa): was
dead certain

 

dead
flat
(pa): bass
line is dead flat

 

death
metal
(n); death-metal
(a)

 

DJ: DJ’ing, DJ’d, DJs

 

desperados
(n)

dialogue (n)

 

dickhead
(n)

 

dickweed
(n)

 

different from vs. different than: for direct comparisons
(“different” and then a noun), “different” is followed by “from.” (“Magazines
are different from newspapers.”) “Different than” is used when the object is a
clause or when it is an indirect comparison (“Smith is a different man than [he
was] during his tenure.” Note: if you wanted to use “from,” it would have to be
rewritten as “Smith is a different man from the one he was during his tenure”).

 

dirt
cheap
(pa); BUT, dirt-cheap
(a)

 

diss, disses
(n)(v)(a)

 

district: generally lowercase in place
names (Warehouse district in Austin, Texas)

 

Disturbing
tha Peace

 

doom
metal
(n); doom-metal
(a)

 

do-it-yourself
(a): DIY acceptable on first reference

 

dot-com
(n)(a)

 

dot-comophobic
(a)

 

dot-bomb
(n)(a)

 

down-tempo, up-tempo (a)

 

down-tuned
(a)

 

double-click
(v)

 

double-duty
(n): doing
double-duty

 

double
knits
(n): flared
double knits

 

down-market
(adv): rush
down-market

 

down-the-stretch
(pa)

 

Down
Under
(n): as
stand-in for Australia

 

Dr.: preferred on first reference as
an honorific (not Name, M.D.)

 

drop-away
(n)

 

drop
box
(n)

 

-dropping: hyphenate combos (name-dropping)

 

drum
’n’ bass
[See
also rock ’n’ roll
.]

 

dubplate(s)

 

dubstep

 

DVD

 

 

E

earbud(s)

 

early- (a): early-morning event

 

Early
American
(a)(pa)

 

earth-and-soil
(a)

 

eBay

 

e-book

 

econobox
(n)

 

eff (v): go eff yourself

 

eight-bit
(a) [See also, four-bit.]

 

electroclash

 

electropop

 

ELLIPSES

·      
Three-dot
ellipsis: No space between each dot, because we don’t want the computer to
split them for us, but a space on either side. (Oh…that’s odd.)

·       
Four-dot
ellipsis: Use if following a complete sentence. Close up the first period,
ellipsis, then space. (A quote from an article goes here and then we cut
part…. And then we picked it back up again.)

 

e-mail (n)(v)

 

MC,
MC’ing, MC’d, MCs

 

emerging
markets
(n); BUT,
emerging-market (a): emerging-market investing

 

end-all
(n)

 

entrée

 

eons

 

EP(s)

 

et al.

 

etc.: use sparingly  

 

ever-: hyphenate adjectival combos
(ever-threatening tides)

 

executive
producer
(n)(a)

 

eye
opening
(pa): is
eye opening, BUT, eye-opening
(a) 

 

eye-worn
(pa): feel
eye-worn

 

 

F

facade

 

-faced: hyphenate combos (a) or (pa)

 

facelift
(n)

 

factory-filled
(v):
factory-filled with bubblegum

 

FALSE RANGES In the “from X to Y” construction,
try to make sure that X and Y are on either side of a spectrum (from hot dogs
to filet mignon). This is generally a clichéd technique to d

 

Far
East
(n)

 

far-fetched
(pa): it isn’t
far-fetched

 

farther/further: use “farther” if referring to
physical distance

 

fast-food
(a): fast-food
brands

 

FatCat
Records

 

Feds,
the
(n)

 

feet (measurements): it is ten feet
long; BUT, a ten-foot-long strip

 

fiancé (man); fiancée (woman)

 

first-come,
first-served
(a):
a first-come, first-served operation; first come, first served (n)

 

first
rate
(pa): is
first rate; BUT, first-rate (a)

 

first-timers
(n)

 

fists
first
(pa)

 

fist
pump
(n); fist-pump
(a)

 

flat-screen
(a)(n)

 

flier (n) for “a circular.” Flyer normally reserved for some trains
and buses.

 

flugelhorn

 

fly-fishing
(n)(a)

 

FM
stations

 

follow-through
(n)

 

follow-up
(n)(a)

 

-foot-long
(a): a
ten-foot-long area; BUT, (pa) feet long: it is ten feet long

 

former: in long adjective phrases (former
producer turned MC)

 

Formula
1

 

four-bit
(a) [See also, eight-bit.]

 

4Hero

 

four-on-the-floor
(a)

 

frat
house
(n); frat-house
(a)

 

freak-out(s)
(n)(v)

 

-free (a)(pa): not be personality-free,
pain-free

 

freebies
(n)

 

free-for-all
(n)

 

free-jazz
(a)

 

French
fries

 

-friendly
(a)(pa):
computer-friendly co-worker

 

frontman; frontwoman

 

frost
heave
(n)

 

fuel
gauge
(n); BUT, fuel-gauge
(a)

 

full-blown
(pa): sprang
full-blown

 

full-length(s) (n)

 

fund-raising,
fund-raiser

 

 

G

gangbanger

 

gay-bashing
(v)

 

gearhead
(n)

 

general
admission
(n)(a):
general admission ticket [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

get-go (n): from the get-go

 

g-force
(n)

 

gimme(s)
(n)

 

glitter
ball
(n); BUT, glitter-ball
(a)

 

goateed
(a)(pa)

 

god-awful
(a)

 

goddamn
(a)

 

God-fearing
(pa): all things
God-fearing

 

gold-leafed
(v)

 

The
Good, the Bad & the Queen
: note capital T in first “the”

 

goodbye

 

good
old
(a): good old
KRS-One

 

gosh-darn
(a)

 

goth: the style

 

gotten (v)

 

Grade A
(a)

 

grand
slam

 

gray (a)(pa)

 

grille, grilles: jewelry for your teeth

 

grilled
cheese sandwich
[See
list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

grime,
grimy

 

grrrl
rock
(n); grrrl-rock
(a)

 

G-spot (n)

 

guesthouse
(n)

 

guest
room
(n)

 

Guided
by Voices

 

G-Unit

 

Gypsies
(n)(a); BUT, gypsy
if not referring to the ethnic group

 

GZA

 

 

H

half: don’t hyphenate verbs (half
crying); hyphenate adjectives (half-cocked attitude); don’t hyphenate predicate
adjectives (he went off half cocked)

 

half-dozen

 

half-hour
 

 

hand-eye
(a): hand-eye
coordination

 

hands
down
(pa): won
hands down; BUT, hands-down
(a)

 

hands-on
(a): hands-on
instruction; AND, (pa): teaches hands-on

 

hang-ten
(v)

 

hardcore
(n)(a)

 

harkens
(v)

 

HEADLINES

·      
Capitalize
first and last words, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs and subordinating
conjunctions (as, if).

·      
Lowercase
articles, prepositions of four letters or fewer, and coordinating conjunctions
(for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so).

·      
Cap
both first letters of temporary compounds (Seventy-Fifth), but only the first
letter of permanent compounds (Tune-up).

·      
Minimize
punctuation

 

headbang
(v); headbanger
(n)

 

heavy
metal
(n); heavy-metal
(a)

 

heshers

 

hi-fi (a) [See also lo-fi.]

 

high-hat

 

high-tech
(a): high-tech
sampler

 

hip-hop

 

hitmaker

 

a
historic
: not an
historic [Note: not synonymous with historical. The former means “important in
history”; the latter means “of or concerning history.”]

 

hmm

 

homage: pronounced with a silent h, like
“honor.” So, “an homage.”

 

homepage
(n)

 

home
run
(n)(a): a home
run guy [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

honest-to-God
(a): honest-to-God
glove box

 

honor
society
(n)(a):
honor society key [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

hoofbeats

 

horror-core

 

hot rod
(n)(a): hot rod
Mercedes; BUT, hot-rod
(v)

 

hot tub
(n); BUT, hot-tub
(a): hot-tub party

 

house (n): the type of music

 

hyperspeed

 

 

I

ice
cold
(pa)

 

I’da: as a stand-in for “I’d have” [use
sparingly and only for effect]

 

if/whether: use “if” to introduce a
condition. (We’ll play if it doesn’t rain.) Use “whether” to introduce a
different possibility. (You didn’t say whether I should play guitar or drums.)

 

Imax: trademark

 

import/export
(a)

 

-inch (n)(a): 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch

 

indie
rock
(n); indie-rock
(a); AND indie-rockers
(n)

 

Industrial
Revolution
(the);
BUT, the country’s industrial revolution

 

industrial-waste
(a):
industrial-waste dump

 

industry
mates
(n)

 

INITIALS IN NAMES No space between the initials (G.G.
Allin) [See also ABBREVIATIONS
.]

 

in
season
(pa); BUT in-season
(a)

 

inside
out
(pa): it was
inside out; from the inside out; BUT, inside-out
(a): inside-out song

 

in-studio
(pa): is in-studio
every day

 

interactive
media
(n)(a):
interactive media department [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

Internet
(n)

 

iPod, BUT, uppercase the “I” if the
word starts a sentence; try to write around

 

IQ

 

it’s/its: the former means “it is”; the
latter is the pronoun

 

ITALICS

·      
Use
for titles of plays, movies, TV shows, album titles (put song titles in quotes)
and books.

·      
Use
for foreign words not in Web11
. Foreign proper words are in roman.

·      
Television
shows: Italicize continued series (so Sesame Street
, Hill Street Blues and Survivor) and put quotes around the
specific title of the program (Friends
, “The One Where They Live Lavishly”).

·      
With
onomatopoeic sounds: The fish went blip
in the water.

·      
Punctuation
of: Italicize all internal punctuation in an italicized phrase (Hip-Hop and
Philosophy: Rhyme 2 Reason
, by Derrick Darby and Tommie Shelby)

·      
Don’t italicize the names of other
publications: Rolling Stone magazine (New York Times style)

 

-ization
(n): hyphenate if
not in dictionary otherwise

 

 

J

Jack
& Coke(s)

 

J Dilla
or Jay Dee

 

Jet Ski
(trademark)

 

Johnny-come-lately(s)

 

Jr.: no commas around Jr. or Sr.

 

JR
Writer
: no periods

 

jury-rigged: this is the more literate form of
“jerry-rigged,” which is a perversion of “jury-rigged” and “jerry-built” (a
word that implies something of more permanence). Use “jury-rigged,” not
“jerry-rigged.”

 

just: hyphenate adjectival combos (a
just-discontinued Toyota); open predicate adjective combos (she is just awake)

 

 

K

kazillion
(n)

 

K.D. Lang: Generally, follow conventional
rules of American English and capitalize the first letters of first and last
names and initials. Maintaining our own style standards in these cases keeps us
from looking like a PR firm.

·      
Exception:
Some companies put the second letter of their monikers in uppercase, i.e. eBay,
iPod. If those names start a sentence, standard rules (uppercase the first
letter) apply.

 

-keeping: close combos (scorekeeping)

 

Kiwi-pop

 

knee
socks
(n)

 

knowledgeable

 

Kool G
Rap

 

Krautrock

 

 

L

L.A.: use periods to distinguish from
Louisiana postal abbreviation; in most cases, use Los Angeles on first
reference

 

labelmates [See also bandmates,
tourmates
.]

 

lakefront
(n)(a)

 

lap
steel
: no hyphen,
unless it’s an adjective [See also pedal steel
.]

 

last album: to be used only if it was, in
fact, the band’s last (as in final) album. If not, go with “previous” or “most
recent,” or better yet, tell us the number (debut, sophomore).

 

Las
Vegas Strip
(n)

 

late
great
(a): late great
guitar player; avoid overuse

 

late
twentieth century
(n);
BUT, late-twentieth-century
(a)

 

lawn
chair
(n)

 

lent/loaned: Generally, lend is a verb, loan
is a noun.

 

liberal
arts
(n)(a)

 

lightning-shifts
(v)

 

-like: for compounds, generally closed except
for words ending in l or ll (wall-like), words of three or more syllables
(guitarlike, but formula-like), hyphenated and open compound words
(tree-lined-like), proper nouns (Hendrix-like), or other forms difficult to
read.

 

Lil
Wayne
: no
apostrophe

 

limp
dick
(n); limp-dick (a)

 

-lined: hyphenate combos (tree-lined)

 

lineup (n): a band’s lineup; line up (v): line up over there

 

lip-synching
(v)

 

living
room
(n)(a) [See
list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

lo-fi: BUT, low fidelity and high fidelity [See also hi-fi.]

 

logoed (a): logoed amps

 

-long: hyphenate combos not in
dictionary (decades-long)

 

-looking: hyphenate combos (a)(pa)
(good-looking)

 

lover (n): jazz lover

 

lover
boy
(n), lover-boy
(a)

 

low-: hyphenate if not in dictionary in
any position (low-slung, low-roller, low-riding)

 

lunkhead

 

lust: hyphenate adjectival combos
(guitar-lust problem, BUT piano lust)

 

 

M

Magnolia
Electric Co.

 

mah-jongg; BUT, the band is Mahjongg

 

mail-order
(a): mail-order
business

 

major
league
(n): in the
major leagues; BUT, major-league (a), major-league baseball

 

-maker: generally, no hyphen in compound
if noun (he’s a music maker); hyphenate adjectives. [See also –making
.] Note: beatmaker and beatmaking don’t take hyphen. 

 

-making: usually no hyphen in compound if
noun (music making) unless misreading results; hyphenate in adjective form (a
music-making procedure).

 

mango(es)
(n)

 

mano
a mano
(adv)

 

many
hued
(pa): is many
hued; BUT, many-hued
(a): a many-hued green

 

market
share
(n)

 

Marrakech

 

Marxist
(a)

 

J.
Mascis

 

mass
transit
(n); BUT, mass-transit
(a): mass-transit
system

 

MAXIMS, PROVERBS and FAMILIAR
SAYINGS
If full
sentence, capitalize first letter and wrap in quotes (When they say “Music is
life,” this is what they mean.) [See list of COMMON PHRASES
.]

 

MEASUREMENTS

·      
Hyphenate
adjectival forms and spell out unit (-liter, -millimeter) in running text.

 

Me
Decade
(n)(a)

 

MEDIA
POSTS

            Artist: "Song Title"
(Type)

 

megacity

 

Mellotron

 

me-me-me (a): me-me-me conversation

 

metalcore

 

metalhead

 

Miami
bass

 

Michigan peninsula; BUT, Upper Peninsula/Lower
Peninsula
(when
it’s obvious you’re speaking of Michigan)

 

microcable: no hyphen necessary

 

microenvironments

 

microfibers: no hyphen necessary

 

microhouse

 

mid + decade or century or month: in our
mid-40s, in the mid-’60s, mid-September

 

mid-length

 

mic or microphone, BUT miked up (v)

 

mild
mannered
(pa): he
was mild mannered; BUT, mild-mannered
(a): mild-mannered man

 

milk
shake

 

minded: open combos (history minded,
outdoors minded)

 

mindfuck
(n)(a)(v)

 

mind
over matter
(n);
BUT, (a) mind-over-matter
(mind-over-matter gang)

 

Minimoog

 

minor
league
(n): in the
minor leagues; BUT, minor-league
(a), minor-league hockey [Web11]

 

mixtape
(n)

 

M.O.

 

modern
art
(n); BUT, modern-art
(a)

 

money
chase
(n)

 

Monterey
Peninsula
(n)

 

MOR: middle of the road, taken from
the radio format

 

motor
scooter
(n)

 

mouth
filling
(pa)

 

movie
star
(n); BUT, movie-star
(a): movie-star
looks

 

mowed
or mown
(v)

 

Mowhawk: Native American tribe and hair
style

 

mph

 

much-needed
(a): hyphenate if
misread may occur without.

 

multiday

 

multilayered

 

multi-instrumentalist

 

multiseason

 

multitiered

 

multitracked

 

Murder
Inc.
; BUT, Murder,
Inc.
if referring
to the crime syndicate from the 1930s

 

muscle
memory
(n): proper
muscle memory

 

must-play
(n): a must-play;
BUT, (a) must-play

 

must-see
(n); BUT, (a) must-see

 

mutual
fund
(n)(a): the
mutual fund king [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

M. Ward

 

MySpace:
followed by “page”
if referring to the site (“the artist’s MySpace page.”)

 

 

N

Naugahyde: trademark; artificial material
made to look like leather

 

near-monotone
(a): near-monotone
passage

 

near-moonshine
(n)

 

Net,
the
: short for the
Internet

 

Netheads
(n)

 

new: we don’t do “new” when describing
the record (or song or video, etc.) we’re writing about, because ideally people
use our archives, and if we started saying “new,” all the reviews would say
that. Give us better information: debut, sophomore, first for Label X, so
forth.

 

new age
(pa)(n); BUT, new-age
(a)

 

New American cuisine: capitalize if referring to the
type of cuisine that developed in the 1980s in California.

 

new jack swing: sometimes called “swing beat”;
Teddy Riley (member of Guy, Blackstreet) is regarded as the king of new jack
swing; mid-1980s and ’90s genre that blended old-school hip-hop with commercial
R&B

 

New
Urbanism
:
uppercase if referring to the movement

 

new
wave
(pa)(n); BUT,
new-wave
(a),
BUT, French New Wave

 

New
York City
: spell
out unless you mean for the reader to say the actual letters

 

NICKNAMES
Put in quotes if
in the middle of full, proper name

 

Nike: trademark, but don’t use all caps
even though the company usually does

 

nine-to-five
job

 

nirvana
(n); BUT, Nirvana
if referring to
the band

 

Nobel
Prize

 

no-no (n)

 

nonmembers
(n)

 

nor’easter

 

Northern Soul: heavy-beat soul music, African in
descent, popularized in northern England; title of the Verve’s second album

 

now-classic
(a): now-classic
record

 

now
then[,]

 

’N
Sync, ’N Sync-er
:
former ’N Sync-er

 

NUMBERS
In general, follow
AP Style Guide
.

·      
Spell
out whole numbers below 10, use figures for 10 and above
.

·      
Use
numerals for adjective combos with currency
($50,000 project)

·      
Figures
greater than 999 use commas
(71,000)

·      
Ages
always take
numerals.

·      
Beats: 4/4, etc.

·      
Centuries: follow general rule (fourth
century, 17th-century layout). Also, from the 1900s (no apostrophe).

·      
Decades: the ’50s, mid-’50s, the 1980s
(watch direction of apostrophe; no apostrophe before s
)

·      
Temperature: 23 degrees Fahrenheit (favor
Fahrenheit, if possible)

·      
Years: use numerals (’71, 1981)

·      
Other
examples
:

7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch

Mach 2

80-proof (a)(pa)

Terminal One, Gate B7

5-series (car)

310 horsepower; BUT, the power of
three hundred horses

180 IQ

size 6 to 16

widths A to 4E

September 6–20

40 mph (numerals before all
abbreviations)

50 percent (numerals for all
percentages)

Top 10 (if referring to a specific
list; otherwise, top ten)

 

n-word (n)(a)

 

 

O

Oakland
A’s

 

oak,
oaks
: preferred
plural form

 

oceanside: close up per oceanfront,
cliffside, bayside, curbside

 

off-island
(a)(pa):
off-island excursion; can be found off-island

 

off-season
(n)(a): the
off-season

 

-offs: hyphenate combos (drum-offs)

 

oh,
yeah

 

OK,
OK’d, OK’ing, OKs

 

old
money
(n); BUT, old-money
(a)

 

old
school
(pa): he’s
old school; BUT, old-school
(a) [follow for new school]

 

old
world
(n); BUT, old-world
(a)

 

on
board
(pa)

 

once-: hyphenate (a) combos (once-great)

 

one-eyed
(pa)(a): you’d be
one-eyed

 

online (a)(pa)(adv): for Web references

 

online
dating service
(n)
[See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

-only: hyphenate combos
(invitation-only)

 

OPEN COMPOUNDS These adjectives that don’t need a
hyphen. Rule of thumb: Use a hyphen if it could be misread without one.

·      
adult
video: adult video store

·      
air
traffic: air traffic controllers

·      
crown
jewel: the crown jewel event

·      
classical
music: classical music festivals

·      
commercial
airline: commercial airline pilot

·      
customer
assistance: customer assistance center

·      
general
admission: general admission ticket

·      
high
school: high school student

·      
honor
society: honor society key

·      
interactive
media: interactive media department

·      
living
room, family room: living room floor

·      
mutual
fund: the mutual fund king

·      
online
dating: online dating service

·      
pension
fund: pension fund managers

·      
political
correctness: political correctness mumbo-jumbo

·      
property
tax: property tax revenue

·      
real
estate: real estate courses, real estate programs

·      
saddle
shoe: saddle shoe look

·      
sports
medicine: sports medicine facility

·      
stainless
steel: stainless steel body

 

-oriented: hyphenate combos (the
service-oriented resort)

 

ounces: spell out [See also ABBREVIATIONS.]

 

out-: hyphenate combos (v): out-player

 

outback: for the outback of Australia

 

overhyped

 

oversize

 

own
sweet pace

 

oxfords
(n)

 

 

P

-packs (n): hyphenate combos
(fifteen-packs)

 

pant
leg
(n)

 

paradisiacal
(a)  

 

peanut
butter
(n)

 

pedal
steel
: no hyphen,
unless it’s an adjective [See also lap steel
.]

 

Peek-A-Boo
Records

 

Pee
Thug
: half of
Montreal’s Chromeo, with Dave 1

 

pension
fund
(n)(a):
pension fund managers [See list of OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

percent: use numbers and spell out
“percent” in all instances, and don’t use the symbol (%)

 

Peter,
Bjorn and John

 

phenomenality

 

Ph.D. (n)

 

physical
fitness
(n); BUT, physical-fitness
(a):
physical-fitness industry

 

picker-upper
(n)

 

pie
chart
(n); BUT, pie-chart
(v)

 

pinkie (n): for the finger

 

piston-pump
(n) [Sullivan,
S/O98]

 

plain-Jane
(a)(pa):
plain-Jane woman; seems plain-Jane

 

plain
old
: plain old
good luck

 

playlist (n); BUT, track list, set list

 

-plus: hyphenate combos (fifty-plus)

 

p.m.

 

polyrhythm

 

Portugal.
The Man

 

POSSESSIVES For plurals and proper nouns ending
in s, add only the apostrophe (the guitars’ fret boards; Malkmus’ ideas)

·      
If
joint ownership, latter name takes ’s (John and Yoko’s couch, because they own
it together); if not, both names get ’s (John’s and Yoko’s fans) 

 

postmodern

 

-pounder: hyphenate noun combos
(hundred-pounders)

 

powers
that be
(n)

 

power-walk
(v)

 

PR (a)(n)

 

prebooked

 

pre-hippies

 

premed (n)(a): degrees in premed; premed
degree

 

preventive: NOT preventative

 

pre-war
(a)

 

prog
rock
(n), BUT, prog-rock
(a)

 

-prone: hyphenate (n) combos (the
accident-prone)

 

-proofed: hyphenate combos (was
Slash–proofed)

 

protégé
(n)

 

Pro
Tools

 

pruney (a)

 

public
access
(n); BUT, public-access
(a)

 

purée (n)

 

 

Q

Qigong

 

quasi-: always hyphenate (a) compounds
(quasi-military state)

 

-quick: hyphenate (a)(pa) combos
(lightning-quick speed)

 

?uestlove: drummer for the
Philadelphia-based Roots (New York Times style)

 

QUOTATION
MARKS

·      
Use
with words as words (the term “guitar hero,” the word “slump”)

·      
Use
with syllable as syllable (the word “Geronimo,” coming down on the “ron”

·      
Use
with definitions (meaning “small and compact”)

·      
Use
with nicknames if full name is mentioned (George Herman “Babe” Ruth)

·      
Use
with pronunciation guides (Read Yellow, pronounced “red yellow”)

·      
Translations:
to the sociedad, or “club.”

 

 

R

R&B
(n)(a): okay on
first reference; OR, rhythm ’n’ blues

 

R&D
(n)(a): for
research and development; okay on first reference

 

racecar
driver
(n)

 

-racking: hyphenate combos (nerve-racking,
constitution-racking); racked
(he was racked with guilt)

 

radial
tire
(n)(a):
radial tire era [See list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

raingear
(n)

 

rain
suit
(n)

 

raison
d’etre
(n)

 

rant-alongs
(n)

 

rave-up
(n): a stomping
punk rave-up

 

-ready: hyphenate combos (fairway-ready,
competition-ready)

 

real
estate
(n)(a) [See
list of acceptable OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

re-creation: the creation of something again; recreation:
done for enjoyment

 

redline
(n)

 

-related: hyphenate (a) compounds
(gang-related violence); BUT, related
(pa): is gang related

 

-resistant: hyphenate (a)(pa) combos
(water-resistant clothing; they’re water- and sweat-resistant)

 

re-releasing

 

résumé (n)

 

retro-: hyphenate combos

 

Revolution/revolution: the Cuban Revolution; there was a
revolution in styles

 

rhythm
’n’ blues

 

rib eye
(n); rib-eye (a)

 

riddim

 

rimshots
(n)

 

riot
grrrl

 

risk-reward
(a)

 

Roc-A-Fella
Records

 

rockabilly
(n)

 

rock
’n’ roll
(n); rock
’n’ roller
(n)(a)

 

rock
star(s)

 

round
trip
(n); BUT, round-trip
(a)

 

rpm  

 

runtime

 

RZA

 

 

S

saddle
shoe
(n)(a):
saddle shoe look [See list of OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

scenesters

 

schlep

 

scotch,
scotch whisky
[whisky
from Scotland and Canada has no “e”; the rest does]

 

’scuse (v)

 

second-guessing
(n)

 

Second
World War;
World
War II
: author’s
choice

 

self-: hyphenate combos (self-adjusts)

 

Sept.
11, pre-Sept. 11,
OR,
9/11

 

7-inch (n)(a): 10-inch, 12-inch

 

-shaped: amoeba-shaped guitar

 

shop
fronts
(n)

 

shoreside
(n)(a) [See
also –side
.]

 

short
sleeves
(n); BUT, short-sleeve
(a)

 

shout-out
(n)

 

showtime
(n)

 

sick
leave
(n): on sick
leave

 

side: geographic; rules apply to
well-known designations only (Chicago’s south side, but the South Side; New
York City’s east side, but the Lower East Side)

 

-side: close combos (stageside,
cliffside, treeside, courseside, curbside, oceanside)

 

Silicon
Valley

 

sing-along(s)

 

singer/songwriter

 

single
malts
(n); BUT, single-malt
(a): single-malt
scotch

 

single
spaced
(pa): I
received letters, single spaced

 

Sisyphean
(a)

 

-size: banquet-size room

 

ska

 

ski
resort
(n); BUT, ski-resort
(a)

 

Slanted
and Enchanted
:
per the cover of Pavement’s classic

 

slo-mo (a)

 

smart-ass
(n)

 

smart
money
(n); BUT, smart-money
(a)

 

snottiness

 

snow-capped
(a); BUT, snowcap
(n)

 

-sober: hyphenate combos (judge-sober,
lawyer-sober)

 

s.o.b.

 

-something: close combos (twentysomething,
thirtysomething)

 

song
maker(s)

 

sonofabitch

 

so
then[,]

 

sound
bite
(n)

 

sound
clips

 

soundscape

 

SOURCING ARTICLES In blog posts based on another
publication’s work, you must source that publication and link directly to the
post. Mention the publication in your post (“In an article in the XYZ Times,…”
and the author’s name if prominent enough), and at the end of the post, put the
publication name in brackets and hyperlink directly to the sourced article:
[XYZ Times].

 

Southern
California
(n)

 

space-age
(a)(pa): be space-age

 

space
expansion
(n)

 

spartan
(a)

 

-speak: hyphenate combos (techno-speak,
retiree-speak)

 

special-ordered
(v)

 

SpinArt
Records

 

spokesmodels
(n)

 

sporting
goods
(n)(a)

 

SportsCenter
(n)

 

sport-specific
(a)

 

spring
break
(n); BUT, spring-break
(a)

 

spring
training
(n); BUT,
spring-training
(a)

 

squirrelly
(a)

 

St.: abbreviate in city names; for
band names, follow their preference

 

standard-issue
(a)

 

stan(s)

 

starry-eyed
(a)(pa):
starry-eyed girl; is starry-eyed

 

STATE NAMES Spell out state names when they
stand alone. After a city, use abbreviations listed in AP Style Guide
: Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo.,
Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kan., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn.,
Miss., Mo., Mont., Neb., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.M., N.Y., N.C., N.D., Okla., Ore.,
Pa., R.I., S.C., S.D., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo. Alaska, Hawaii,
Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas, and Utah do not have abbreviations.

EXCEPTION: For TOUR DATES, use two-letter postal abbreviations. [See also ABBREVIATIONS.]

 

STATES WITH CITIES Use (most of) the AP list of cities
that don’t need states on first reference [see below
]. Otherwise spell out state on
first reference and put comma on either side (Brooklyn, New York, is a seedbed
for bands)

·      
The
following cities do not need to be modified by a state on first reference:
Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas, Denver,
Detroit, Honolulu, Houston, Indianapolis, Las Vegas, Long Island, Los Angeles,
Louisville (in whiskey column only), Milwaukee, Minneapolis, New Orleans, New
York, Oklahoma City, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Palm Springs, Pittsburgh, St.
Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Barbara,
Palm Springs, Seattle, Scottsdale.

 

States,
the
: as in,
released in the States.

 

stateside: note lowercase s

 

StereoGum

 

still-: hyphenate (a) combos

 

still
life(s)
(n); BUT, still-life
(a): still-life
photography

 

stock
market
(n)(a): the
stock market crash [See list of OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

St.
Patrick’s Day

 

string
pulling
(n)

 

strong-arm
(a): strong-arm
type

 

-style: hyphenate combos (marquee-style)

 

Sugar
& Gold
: San
Francisco-based electro-soul band

 

supergroup: do NOT overuse; it is often an
empty descriptor and can usually be omitted without any loss

 

supermodel
(n)

 

superproducer: try to avoid

 

super-ripe
(a)

 

swear-bys
(n)

 

swing
beat
: more often
referred to as new jack swing
[See new jack swing.]

 

swing
time
(n); swing-time
(a)

 

 

T

take-away
(n)

 

Tantric
(a): a Tantric
tango

 

tape
cassette player
(n)
[See list of OPEN COMPOUNDS
.]

 

T-bone
steak
(n)

 

tear-ass
(v)

 

techie

 

techno

 

teepee (n)

 

teenager

 

television
or TV

 

TELEVISION PROGRAMS If a continuing series, italicize
(PBS’s Sesame Street
); if not, or if title of an episode, set in roman and quotes (the
following episode of Hill Street Blues
, “Death on the Hill.”)

 

Temporary
Residence Ltd.    

 

Tex-Mex
(n)(a)

 

thank-you
(n)(a): he said
thank-you; thank-you note

 

that/which: that introduces a restrictive
clause (one that is crucial to identifying what’s being modified); which
introduces a nonrestrictive clause (one that’s not crucial to the understanding
of the noun being modified). [See COMMAS.
]

 

then-: hyphenate (a) combos
(then-accepted Scottish fashion)

 

the: Generally, lowercase before band
names unless doing so may result in confusion or a misread; uppercase if first
word of a title.

 

theremin: lowercase, unless talking about
its creator, Leon Theremin (New York Times)

 

-think: hyphenate combos (company-think)

 

THOUGHTS/INTERNAL SPEECH Choose italics or quotes based on
context; be consistent within article.

·      
According
to Chicago Manual of Style
, thought, imagined dialogue and other interior discourse
is often but not always enclosed in quotation marks. I should have said, “Not
with me, you won’t!” I bet she’s saying to him right now, “Morgenstern thinks
he’s too good for us.” Barnacle heard a loud crash and told himself, “Viola’s
drunk again!” “I should have said, ‘What business of it is yours!’ ” thought
Tom.

·      
No
quotes if internal speech is paraphrase of idea:

·      
and
then claim it was the kid’s idea

·      
did
not say don’t do it

·      
he
said no / she gave us a yes

·      
I
always express to anyone operating it, this machine is a loaded gun

·      
BUT,
author may choose to simply cap first letter (She told herself, I could die!)
or put in italics (Edgar looked at her and thought, Now what have I done?)

 

thrift-store

 

thrill-drunk
(pa)

 

throw-down (a): a throw-down record

 

-tiered: hyphenate combos (double-tiered
system)

 

-timers: hyphenate (n) combos:
first-timers

 

time-traveled
(v)

 

Tin Pan Alley

 

TITLES Generally, cap only if preceding
the name (President Clinton, BUT the president of the United States is Clinton;
Senior Marketing Chief Joe Blow, BUT Joe Blow, the senior marketing chief).

 

“to do”
(a): “to do” list

 

tom-tom(s)

 

tone-deaf
(a)(pa)

 

-top: close combos (clifftop,
mountaintop)

 

top ten
(n); BUT, top-ten
(a); if referring
to a specific list, can use Top 10

 

TOUR
DATES

·      
Use
this format: XX.XX City, State: Venue. So, 01.12 New York, NY: Knitting Factory

·      
If
the band is playing with another band worth mentioning, use an asterisk after
the venue, and define the asterisk (*) at the bottom of the list. If two bands
need to be mentioned, use two asterisks (**). Other symbols are fine, but
choose ones that aren’t confusing (don’t use an !, for example). 

·      
For
states, use two-letter postal abbreviation: AL, NJ, NY, etc.

 

tourmates [See also bandmates, labelmates.]

 

tragicomic
(a)

 

trash-talk
(v)(n)(a)

 

tree
huggers
(n)

 

trip-hop
(a)(n)(pa)

 

T-shirt

 

tricked-out
(a)(pa)

 

trippy (a)

 

tsk-tsk

 

T.T.
the Bear’s
: venue
in Cambridge, Massachusetts; T.T.’s on second reference only

 

Tupac
Shakur

 

turntablist

 

TV or television

 

twentysomethings

 

two-step

 

Type A (a)(pa): Type A behavior 

 

 

U

uber-: hyphenate combos (über-agency)

 

U.K. (a)(n): try to spell out United
Kingdom in text as a noun

 

ultra-high-performance
(a)

 

ultrarich
[per Chicago]

 

uncredited

 

under
way
(pa): an
elaborate set of negotiations under way

 

unique: The word means “one of a kind,”
so something’s either unique or it’s not. It cannot be “the most unique” or
“entirely unique” or “more unique” than something else. That’s why it’s a good
idea to think twice before using the word (is this band’s sound truly one of a
kind?).

 

unitard(s) (n)

 

United States: try to spell out in text as a
noun; more acceptable to use U.S. as an adjective

 

unlistenable
(a)(pa)

 

upmarket
(a)

 

up-tempo
(a) [See also down-tempo.]

 

upward: can run upward of

 

U.S. (n)(a): try to spell out United
States in text as a noun

 

UV (a): UV rays

 

 

V

versus: spell out unless display copy or
a court case

 

vocoder: not a trademark

 

videotaper
(n)

 

 

W

wannabe
(n)

 

warbly (a)

 

Warner
Brothers

 

Washington,
D.C.

 

Web
site
(n)(a); the
Web

 

weeklong

 

well: usually don’t hyphenate (pa)
combos (the band is well rounded); usually don’t hyphenate (n) combos, but some
exceptions (the well-heeled); hyphenate (a) combos (a well-known person).

·      
RULE:
Hyphenate if you can’t remove “well” (you can’t say the heeled club).

 

well-off
(n)(a)(pa): the
well-off; a well-off man; is well-off

 

west: capitalize for regions (the
Western world, the West); lowercase for directions (I live west of Denver);
Wild West; West Coast, Middle West, Midwest, Pacific Northwest (U.S.);
westernize

 

western
Canada

 

which/that: which introduces a nonrestrictive
clause (one that’s not crucial to the understanding of the noun being
modified); that introduces a restrictive clause (one that is crucial to
identifying what’s being modified). [See COMMAS.
]

 

while: avoid as a synonym for “although”
(usually to start a clause) unless you want to imply some sort of simultaneity

 

white
label(s)
(n); white-label (a)

 

whiskey/whisky: whisky for references to the
spirit coming from Scotland and Canada, whiskey for everything else

 

whistlegate: refers to Peter, Bjorn and John’s
live performance. Use sparingly, as with all “-gate” constructions.

 

whole
wide world

 

whollop
(v)

 

whoopee
cushion
(n)

 

Will.i.am

 

windshield
(n)(a)

 

wing
tip
(n); BUT, wingtip
(a)

 

-wise: hyphenate combos not in
dictionary (confidence-wise, determination-wise)

 

word-association
(n)

 

workout
(n)(a): the
workout; BUT, work out
(v): going to work out at the gym

 

World
Cup
: okay to
capitalize plural (several World Cups)

 

World
War II
: or Second
World War (author’s preference)

 

 

X

Xerox: a trademark; use photocopy
instead

 

 

Y

years: use numerals, even for decades (’60s,
’70s, ’80s)

 

year-round
(a); BUT, all year
round
(adv)

 

yes
men; yes man

 

young’uns
(n)

 

 

Z

zeitgeist
(n)

 

Zen (n)(a)

 

zeros (n); zeroes (v)